When I opposed Aadhaar in 2010 , I was called a BJP stooge. In 2016 I am still opposing Aadhaar for the same reasons and I am told I am a Congress die hard. No one wants to see why I oppose Aadhaar as it is too difficult. Plus Aadhaar is FREE so why not get one ? Ram Krishnaswamy

First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win. -Mahatma Gandhi

In matters of conscience, the law of the majority has no place. Mahatma Gandhi

“The invasion of privacy is of no consequence because privacy is not a fundamental right and has no meaning under Article 21. The right to privacy is not a guaranteed under the constitution, because privacy is not a fundamental right.” Article 21 of the Indian constitution refers to the right to life and liberty -Attorney General Mukul Rohatgi

“There is merit in the complaints. You are unwittingly allowing snooping, harassment and commercial exploitation. The information about an individual obtained by the UIDAI while issuing an Aadhaar card shall not be used for any other purpose, save as above, except as may be directed by a court for the purpose of criminal investigation.” -A three judge bench headed by Justice J Chelameswar said in an interim order.

Legal scholar Usha Ramanathan describes UID as an inverse of sunshine laws like the Right to Information. While the RTI makes the state transparent to the citizen, the UID does the inverse: it makes the citizen transparent to the state, she says.

Good idea gone bad
I have written earlier that UID/Aadhaar was a poorly designed, unreliable and expensive solution to the really good idea of providing national identification for over a billion Indians. My petition contends that UID in its current form violates the right to privacy of a citizen, guaranteed under Article 21 of the Constitution. This is because sensitive biometric and demographic information of citizens are with enrolment agencies, registrars and sub-registrars who have no legal liability for any misuse of this data. This petition has opened up the larger discussion on privacy rights for Indians. The current Article 21 interpretation by the Supreme Court was done decades ago, before the advent of internet and today’s technology and all the new privacy challenges that have arisen as a consequence.
Rajeev Chandrasekhar, MP Rajya Sabha

“What is Aadhaar? There is enormous confusion. That Aadhaar will identify people who are entitled for subsidy. No. Aadhaar doesn’t determine who is eligible and who isn’t,” Jairam Ramesh

But Aadhaar has been mythologised during the previous government by its creators into some technology super force that will transform governance in a miraculous manner. I even read an article recently that compared Aadhaar to some revolution and quoted a 1930s historian, Will Durant. Rajeev Chandrasekhar, Rajya Sabha MP

“I know you will say that it is not mandatory. But, it is compulsorily mandatorily voluntary,” Jairam Ramesh, Rajya Saba April 2017.

August 24, 2017: The nine-judge Constitution Bench rules that right to privacy is “intrinsic to life and liberty” and is inherently protected under the various fundamental freedoms enshrined under Part III of the Indian Constitution

"Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the World; indeed it's the only thing that ever has"

“Arguing that you don’t care about the right to privacy because you have nothing to hide is no different than saying you don’t care about free speech because you have nothing to say.” - Edward Snowden


Here is what the Parliament Standing Committee on Finance, which examined the draft N I A Bill said.

1. There is no feasibility study of the project]

2. The project was approved in haste

3. The system has far-reaching consequences for national security

4. The project is directionless with no clarity of purpose

5. It is built on unreliable and untested technology

6. The exercise becomes futile in case the project does not continue beyond the present number of 200 million enrolments

7. There is lack of coordination and difference of views between various departments and ministries of government on the project


What was said before the elections:

NPR & UID aiding Aliens – Narendra Modi

"I don't agree to Nandan Nilekeni and his madcap (UID) scheme which he is trying to promote," Senior BJP Leader Yashwant Sinha, Sept 2012

"All we have to show for the hundreds of thousands of crore spent on Aadhar is a Congress ticket for Nilekani" Yashwant Sinha.(27/02/2014)

TV Mohandas Pai, former chief financial officer and head of human resources, tweeted: "selling his soul for power; made his money in the company wedded to meritocracy." Money Life Article

Nilekani’s reporting structure is unprecedented in history; he reports directly to the Prime Minister, thus bypassing all checks and balances in government - Home Minister Chidambaram

To refer to Aadhaar as an anti corruption tool despite overwhelming evidence to the contrary is mystifying. That it is now officially a Rs.50,000 Crores solution searching for an explanation is also without any doubt. -- Statement by Rajeev Chandrasekhar, MP & Member, Standing Committee on Finance

Finance minister P Chidambaram’s statement, in an exit interview to this newspaper, that Aadhaar needs to be re-thought completely is probably the last nail in its coffin. :-) Financial Express

The Rural Development Ministry headed by Jairam Ramesh created a road Block and refused to make Aadhaar mandatory for making wage payment to people enrolled under the world’s largest social security scheme NRGA unless all residents are covered.

Friday, November 17, 2017

12389 - Now Your Residence And Office Addresses Will Be Recorded Like Fingerprints And Iris In Aadhaar - India Times


After Aadhaar card has done your individual identification through fingerprint and iris, the government now is planning to take it further by mapping the addresses of your residence and workplace.


The department of posts - which is under the ministry of communications — has ordered a pilot project that will accord a six-character alphanumeric digital address for every property for three postal pin code locations.

The idea is to provide e-locations (like on Google Maps) for the addresses therein and then provide possibilities to link them to other information, such as property title and ownership, property tax records, information on utilities like electricity, water and gas.

The eLoc (e-location) pilot project has been approved for two postal pin codes in Delhi and one in Noida, following which the plan is to identify national expansion plans. The digital identity — say, UV77D7 — will be an e-enabled address that can be used parallelly to the existing postal address.

Private mapping company MapmyIndia will be carrying out the project for the postal department.


"The results of the proof of concept may be utilised by the department towards developing a digital address format that would suit the purpose for a national-level project rollout," says a letter signed by additional director-general (mail operations) Abhishek Kumar Singh and sent to MapmyIndia on September 27.

MapmyIndia MD Rakesh Verma said the e-linkage would make it easier to identify complex addresses while providing an opportunity to link them to other amenities and services.
"eLoc will help travellers and commuters search, share and navigate to a destination's exact doorstep far more easily and quickly. It will also reduce time, money, fuel wastage and expenses for businesses in the e-commerce, transportation, logistics and field operations domains," said Verma.

Pilot project to evaluate digital addresses' effectiveness: DoP
Currently, a large number of addresses in the country are difficult to comprehend when read digitally. "For example, an address such as 147, Pocket XX, 2A, Janakpuri can be easily identified online by a digital address such as 8GDTYX. This can be further linked with other associated amenities such as property tax and ownership details, civic amenities etc," an official of the company said.

12388 - No ‘Adhaar’ for one’s views! - Deccan Chronicle

Nov 16, 2017, 12:37 am IST

Banks and cellphone operators continue to harass their customers by asking them to link their accounts.

When your bank or telecom operator starts pestering you with phone calls and messages, do you really have to give in and link your Aadhaar card? The dilemma and chaos continue to linger around the corner and the question on whether furnishing your Aadhaar is mandatory or not continues to be a cliff-hanger for many.

While the Supreme Court is yet to give its final verdict on making the Aadhaar mandatory, the frequent and threatening nature of SMS and calls from telecom operators for the re-verification process of Aadhaar cards has got accelerated from last month, and is now turning out to be an unnerving affair for one and all.

As for Nandana Prem, who is currently doing her bachelor’s degree in English literature, the idea of linking Aadhaar in itself is nothing less than scary.

“First, it questions one’s Right to Privacy. I can’t comprehend the necessity to link my very personal as well crucial data to Aadhaar where my data can easily be accessed by a third party, in this case, a private firm or a telecom company. The real politics behind such a practice is something to ponder up on. But most of all, having my mobile or bank details linked to Aadhaar sounds really scary,’’ she said. The prospect of linking Aadhaar to mobile phones is now turning out to be the bane of every average Indian and a lack of legal awareness drives many to simply give in and submit their Aadhaar details.

“I kept on getting calls and messages from the mobile company and I used to get so pissed off. Finally, I linked my Aadhaar as I thought I was bound to do that legally. After all, I thought it’s just a two minute affair, and I can easily do it online and do away with these pestering calls and headaches once and for all, said Arpit Bansal who is working as key accounts manager at a multinational firm. Even as ‘Project Aadhaar’ has been an affair of coercion, compulsion and rampant illegality from the beginning, the question is how can this darkness be dispelled?

According to Advocate Akhila Kumari, linking Aadhaar is a matter of violation of personal liberty and trespassing one’s privacy. “When banks and mobile companies are pushing you, you have all the right to say a big, loud NO back to them. It is clearly illegal on the part of mobile companies to force you to link your Aadhaar while the case is still under the consideration of the Supreme Court. The basic problem is that the layman is not legally aware of these facts and they link their Aadhaar to avoid any sort of problems in the future,’’ said Advocate Akhila.

12387 - Aadhaar: House panel to study privacy concerns - Tribune India

Posted at: Nov 16, 2017, 1:21 AM; last updated: Nov 16, 2017, 1:21 AM (IST)

Tribune News Service
New Delhi, Novmeber 15

At a time when a debate is raging on issues relating to security and privacy as regards Aaadhar data, the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Home under the chairmanship of former Union Finance Minister P Chidambaram has decided to take it up for detailed scrutiny.

While the UPA government introduced Aadhaar as a unique identification number for citizens, the BJP-led government has been asking people to link it with various financial transaction enablers, including bank accounts, PAN number, credit cards etc. This has also been made mandatory for availing subsidies under various government schemes.

As on Wednesday, the Unique Identification Authority of India said, 118.79 crore persons had enrolled for Aadhaar. There have been sporadic reports about data leakage leading to concerns of privacy and fear that the data could be misused by unscrupulous elements.

A Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court had ruled that privacy is a fundamental right. However, individual cases challenging Aadhaar are expected to come up for hearing this month.

At its recent meeting, the standing committee finalised a list of subject it would take up for detailed examination.

These included security situation in the North-East; terrorism and Naxalism; communal harmony; atrocities on weaker sections (Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes, Women etc.); modernisation of police forces; administration and development of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Puducherry; and disaster management.

12386 - Union minister hits at Aadhaar critics - TNN

PTI | Nov 15, 2017, 21:42 IST

New Delhi, Nov 15 () Taking on critics of biometric identifier Aadhaar, Minister of State for IT KJ Alphons Kannanthanam today said people have no problem in giving out details to foreign nations like US while applying for visa but call it violation of privacy when asked to give simple details for Aadhaar.

The government, he said, is making payments to Aadhaar- linked beneficiaries of different schemes to prevent frauds and diversion of funds to unintended people.

Giving his own example, he said when filling for US visa, he had to fill a 10 page form that sought information starting from grand parents to when he got married and which countries has he travelled so far.

He said details were on what he talks on Facebook or WhatsApp, information on countries visited in last 10 years is asked and given.

"We have absolutely no problem in giving it to the Americans, to the British, to the Europeans to every country of the world.
"(But) when government of India asks you very simple thing in your Aadhaar (like) gives your name, your date of birth, your address... you have a huge problem. Some people think it is compromising on privacy and security," he said at first open session of APCERT being held in India.

For visa, biometrics, iris and fingerprints are asked, he said adding the same is also given at airports.
"Then why there is huge scare (in giving the same) when you own country which looks after you, protects you, gives you all the benefits. Why is that you have this scare not with visa and others. I dont understand," he said.

Law and IT Minister Ravi Shankar at the event said that he sees inner conflict in stance of people who are raising privacy issues around Aadhaar but advocate for Right to Information.
"No poor is talking against Aadhaar. A poor will not be bereft of food if he is not having Aadhaar. However, I definitely see that those who oppose Aadhaar, many of them are those who support RTI," Prasad said.
He said that RTI gives a person right to know everything and the right should be respected.
"The same people say that their privacy should be honoured. On one side they are talking about RTI and on the other side talking about privacy, according to me it has huge inner conflict," Prasad said.
He said that Aadhaar is absolutely safe and secure and it has helped poor a lot.
Prasad said government is seriously looking at all aspect of data security and give preference to those firms in government procurement that develops cyber security product indigenously.
Talking about cyber security, Prasad announced that government of India will promote good PhD research in cyber security of intending students from the country of Asia- Pacific and fund them.

The minister said Ministry of Electronics and IT is working with the Data Security Council of India to fund research of start-up with grant of Rs 5 crore for indigenously developing cyber security solution. PRS ANZ MR

12385 - As Aadhaar becomes mandatory to open bank accounts, cyber thugs switch to digital wallets - TNN

Shalabh | TNN | Updated: Nov 16, 2017, 07:41 IST

LUCKNOW: Cyber thugs have started using e-wallets as opening bank accounts is getting difficult without Aadhaar card. The revelation came when a three-member gang was busted by special task force of UP police on Wednesday noon. 

The three arrested from Vibhav Khand, Gomtinagar asked victims to deposit money in Paytm wallet and confessed to interrogators that they were unable to open fresh bank account for carrying out fraudulent activities without providing Aadhaar. Cyber wing of STF pursued complaint it received over email last month. The complainant from sector 24 in Noida had been duped of Rs 3,400 he paid to buy an electronic device. 

The team probing the case found out that Nadeem Haider, Vikas Kumar and Rahul Yadav had managed to get their hands on personal information of 6,000 customers who had shared their details with Snapdeal.

Nodal officer of cyber wing, additional SP Triveni Singh said, "They posed as sales executive of Snapdeal and offered incredible deals to customers. But with a catch. The potential targets were asked to deposit money in Paytm wallets instead of buying the item over Snapdeal. While many turned their offer down, some agreed to deposit money as they felt the fraudsters were really offering some lucrative limited period offer."

The police team was following up with the two e-commerce companies. "While Paytm would share the details of the wallet holders, Snapdeal has initiated internal inquiry to find out how the three were able to possess personal data of customers," said Singh.

This is aachhe din for peoples of India. Feeling proud,voted for Modi.
Soumya Prakash jena

Cyber expert Rakshit Tandon said that cyber thugs have started switching over to e-wallets since maintaining anonymity is very easy. "e-commerce is largely unregulated sector. Security concerns of patrons is not priority for such companies. As biometrics have to be provided to the bank identifying the culprit would get easy," said Tandon highlighting the vulnerability.

An FIR against the three was registered at Vibhuti Khand police station for cheating and forgery and IT Act has also been pressed. The police team has also found details of four savings accounts the three held in different banks to find out how much money they have been able to make. 

12384 - Privacy issues exist even without Aadhaar - Live Mint

There is a critical need for a data privacy regulator to penalize unauthorized disclosure of personal information

The Electriwebsites disclose the personal information of every person registered to vote online. Photo: Indranil Bhoumik/Mint

In part I, I argued that while Aadhaar can be a tool to infringe upon our right to privacy, it is merely one such; there exist other tools that can be similarly exploited. This becomes evident when you analyse each privacy issue related to Aadhaar using the National Privacy Principles framework, and compare Aadhaar’s data privacy risks to other national ID systems. We need an independent data privacy regulator, backed by a robust law, to safeguard against the risks.

Here, we explore two such data privacy issues: data disclosure and voluntariness (database linking was analysed in part I).

Data disclosure
According to the National Privacy Principle on data disclosure, “a data controller shall not disclose personal information to third parties, except after providing notice and seeking informed consent from the individual for such disclosure”.

On paper, the Aadhaar Act appears compliant with this principle as Section 29 prohibits the disclosure of personal information. Exceptions exist for courts to request demographic data, and for joint secretaries and higher ranks to request biometric data; the latter on the grounds of “national security”. However, greater clarity is required on whether individuals will be informed of data disclosures.

In practice, however, data disclosures well beyond these exceptions have taken place. A study by the Centre for Internet and Society found that nearly 130 million Aadhaar numbers had been published online by four government departments. In many cases, these were published along with information on “caste, religion, address, photographs and financial information”. If someone manages to steal these individuals’ fingerprints as well (which is becoming less difficult), one possibility is that Aadhaar-linked bank accounts can be cleaned out using micro-ATMs.
Demographic data disclosure, however, is not limited to Aadhaar. For transparency reasons, state election commission websites disclose the personal information of every person registered to vote online. Agencies scrape these databases and sell them.
Like database linking, the onus of abiding by the principle of data disclosure is on the “data controller”. The four government agencies that disclosed Aadhaar data—not the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI)—are the relevant data controllers in this case. However, UIDAI has not pressed charges against them; under the Aadhaar Act, it is solely authorized to do so. Given UIDAI’s role of working with the government to enable and encourage the use of Aadhaar, it should not also be responsible for regulating them. Additionally, the Election Commission’s data disclosure norms demonstrate that the issue is bigger than Aadhaar. 
This, therefore, points to the critical need for a data privacy regulator to investigate and penalize unauthorized disclosure of sensitive personal information. A strong regulator, with a clear law, will also serve as an effective deterrent for negligent disclosure practices.

The ability to voluntarily opt in and out of data systems, based on informed consent, is central to the National Privacy Principle of “Choice and Consent”. Once an individual opts in, the principle clarifies that they “also have an option to withdraw (their) consent given earlier to the data controller”.
With regard to opting in, UIDAI has maintained that Aadhaar enrolment is voluntary. However, Section 7 of the Aadhaar Act and various orders by government agencies require Aadhaar to access basic services. Though exceptions are allowed, in practice they are implemented inconsistently, making Aadhaar near-mandatory. 
To be sure, the choice principle states that data controllers can choose not to provide services if an individual doesn’t consent to provide data, “if such information is necessary for providing the goods or services”. However, we need more explicit guidelines on what features satisfy this condition, something that can be defined in a data privacy law. 
With regard to opting out, no such UIDAI provision exists. One argument is that more data increases UIDAI’s capability to establish the uniqueness of new enrollees. However, it is unclear why this is the case because even if millions opt out of Aadhaar, UIDAI’s ability to guarantee the uniqueness of new enrollees compared to existing enrollees doesn’t diminish. 
While voluntariness is actively discussed with Aadhaar, the same is not true for other IDs and data initiatives. For example, fingerprints are collected to issue Indian passports, but the use of this is not clear—raising concerns around voluntariness as well as purpose limitation. 
Through this analysis, it becomes clear that data privacy issues exist even without Aadhaar. To tackle the risks to privacy, India requires a strong, competent and independent data privacy regulator, backed by a robust law. 
With the recent Supreme Court judgement and upcoming hearings, we have a unique opportunity to strengthen our institutional ability to manage future risks. We must seize this opportunity to try and secure a privacy-protected future. 
Ronald Abraham is a partner at IDinsight and co-author of ‘State of Aadhaar’ report 2016-17.
Research contributions from Shreya Dubey and Akash Pattanayak.

This is part 2 of a two-part series on Aadhaar and privacy.

First Published: Thu, Nov 16 2017. 04 38 AM IST

12383 - Black money: Attack on benamis fine, but why is Narendra Modi silent on linking political donations to Aadhaar?- First Post

BusinessDinesh UnnikrishnanNov, 15 2017 12:14:25 IST

The Narendra Modi-government’s intent to crackdown on benami real estate transactions above Rs 30 lakh is a logical follow-up to demonetisation. Perhaps more than demonetisation, investigations on benami properties and shell companies, if done correctly, makes more sense since much of the illegal money is stored in assets rather than hard cash. This is one of the reasons why almost entire money demonetised on 8 November, 2016 reached back to bank counters in no time.
But, attack on benamis is not enough. The Modi government’s seriousness to fight black money will be questioned on account of its reluctance to make political funding transparent. Except for some cosmetic changes, there is no follow-up actions on this so far. Even now, a business house can fund any political party without revealing its face.

In the Union budget 2017-18, the maximum cash donation a political party can accept from one source has been brought down to Rs 2,000. Till then, any political funding less than Rs 20,000 didn’t require to show its source. This was a step in the right direction but no follow-up measures were taken. Even now, any individual can make anonymous cash donations to any political party by splitting it into receipts of less than Rs 2,000. It will take only a few hours even for an average accountant to complete this anonymous transaction. Companies don’t need to disclose the names of political beneficiaries even to their shareholders.

Money thus given to corporations can be claimed back by the donor through various political favors. The political-corporate nexus will continue to thrive in full swing. Imagine a big corporate promoter coming under investigation for black money, the political party which received his political funding will certainly have a sympathetic approach to him/her.

The irony is that all political parties, including the ruling party, know this but no one wants to act since all drink happily from the same cup and it tastes good. The government wants all citizens to link all their activities, including mobile numbers and bank accounts, to Aadhaar so that they can be monitored constantly but doesn’t want to apply the same rule to political funding. The government doesn’t want more transparency on most activities performed by its citizens.
Why not link Aadhaar to political donations? Wouldn’t it make transparent? Of course, it would. But for the reasons mentioned above, no politician would want to do that. For example, just look at a recent statement made by Goa chief minister, Manohar Parrikar on the subject. When he was asked on linking Aaadhaar to political donations at a Panaji press meet to mark the anniversary of demonetisation, Parrikar said transparency in political funding has limitations since political parties in power could target companies that gave financial assistance to rival parties in the past. "If you link big amounts to the source, there is every likelihood that the next government, if it changes hands, may target the company and the very noble idea of official donation will be driven under," Parrikar said.
What Parrikar has made is an illogical argument against bringing transparency to political funding. Going by Parrikar’s rationale, a logical question arises—What are the chances of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government too targeting donors of Congress and other political parties? Parrikar probably owes an answer to that question. Steps taken by the Modi government so far against black money—demonetisation, amnesty-like schemes, renegotiating treaties with tax havens—proves that this government wants to do something to curb black money.
What has come out of this battle so far is debatable though. But, the government’s actions lack honesty till the time it acts in a meaningful manner to clean-up political funding. Public representatives do not need so much of secrecy in their financial dealings. Instead, political parties should set an example to the public by linking all political donations to Aadhaar.

Published Date: Nov 15, 2017 11:28 am | Updated Date: Nov 15, 2017 12:14 pm

12382 - Say no to Aadhaar, citizens tell Mukul - Telegraph India


Mukul Sangma
Shillong: Citizens, NGOs and Church organisations from Meghalaya's Garo hills on Monday appealed to chief minister Mukul Sangma to scrap the applicability of Aadhaar Act, 2016, in the state.
In a petition sent to Sangma, the groups appealed for scrapping of the act in Meghalaya by resorting to the exemption clause under the Sixth Schedule.
The groups, including the Garo Students' Union , Association for Democracy and Empowerment, Federation of Khasi-Jaintia & Garo People, A'chik Rights Forum, Senior Citizens (Tura), A'chik Baptist Dalgipa Krima (head of the Baptist Church in Garo hills) and Kingdom Gospel Ministries, met the chief minister.
They said scrapping of the act was necessary "so that our inborn freedom and liberty in this tribal state are intact, secured and preserved". They said as bonafide citizens of Meghalaya, they could not permit such "human tagging, identifying humans as non-living commercial products with number".

"If Aadhaar identification is neither a proof of citizenship nor proof of domicile, why is the Centre pushing it hurriedly and illegally as if it is a valid document?" one of the group members asked.
The groups urged the chief minister to stop the implementation of Aadhaar and exempt ethnic customs, traditions, religion and practices of the Garos, Khasis and Jaintias from it.
The petition came close on the heels of the campaign to opt out of Aadhaar where people who have enrolled under the biometric scheme have signed letters expressing their desire to withdraw from the 12-digit number.
Facilitated by the Meghalaya Peoples' Committee on Aadhaar, until this afternoon, 1,566 people from Khasi-Jaintia Hills of the state have chosen to opt out of Aadhaar.
Letters signed by 1,358 out of 1,566 individuals have already been dispatched to the Unique Identification Authority of India while letters from the rest would be sent on Wednesday, committee leader Rev. P.B.M. Basaiawmoit said.
Rev. Basaiawmoit urged all the administration not to push for Aadhaar enrolment and instead wait for the final hearing and ruling of the Supreme Court.
He appealed to the people not to exploit the situation through misinformation and disinformation.

12381 - Aadhaar has run into pockets of resistance in three states of the North East - Scroll.In

Aadhaar has run into pockets of resistance in three states of the North East
The project is buffeted by various battles of identity in Meghalaya, Nagaland and Assam.
Published Nov 15, 2017 · 06:30 am

                              Wikimedia Commons

Aadhaar, the 12-digit unique identification number based on biometric data, has opened up pockets of resistance in North Eastern states like Meghalaya, Nagaland and Assam. Concerns about privacy, security and the increasing enforcement of Aadhaar are not restricted to these states. But they also come with their particular set of worries.

In these borderlands, which have seen ethnic movements for self-determination, politics is largely shaped by the fear of the “outsider”, from other states as well as alleged illegal immigrants from across the border. Aadhaar has tapped into old anxieties about letting the outsider in, about local ethnic groups being “swamped” and political fortunes being altered by the homogenising policies of the state. The national identity project is buffeted by different battles of identity here.

The opposition
The three states have the lowest Aadhaar saturation rates in the country. Assam occupies the bottom rung, at 7.1%, followed by Meghalaya, at 15.3%, then Nagaland, at 55.5%. Mizoram, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh have saturation rates above 70%, but even that places them in the bottom seven, along with Jammu and Kashmir. Only Tripura has managed more than 89% enrolment.

In Meghalaya, an opt-out campaign among Aadhaar users has been gaining ground since last month, with petitioners complaining that they were coerced into giving up their data, in spite of repeated Supreme Court orders that Aadhaar would not be mandatory. While it started in the Khasi Jaintia Hills, campaign organisers say it seems to be spreading to the Garo Hills. In 2013, enrolment had been stopped after protests that it would allow so-called illegal immigrants to settle in the state.
In Assam, which is currently updating its National Register of Citizens, a project that aims to identify the “original inhabitants” of the state, enrolment was stalled earlier this year.
In Nagaland, there have been calls for exemption on the grounds that it goes against Naga customary laws, protected under Article 371(A) of the Constitution. Under this law, acts of Parliament must be ratified by the state legislature before they can apply to Nagaland. Tribal customary laws held sacred the idea of free social benefits enjoyed collectively, argued a memorandum to the state government, and “any denial in the name of identity numerisation is inimical to the social and religious identity of the Nagas”. Besides, the memorandum said, the imposition of Aadhaar impinged on the Naga right to self-determination. Another objection to Aadhaar is that it excludes Nagas living in Myanmar, who have daily ties with villages on this side of the border and who are imagined as part of a greater Naga homeland.
Common threads
Though articulated differently, the protests against Aadhaar in all three states have common threads running through them. First, indigenous student groups whose politics are centred on an ethnic identity have been a component of the protests. In Meghalaya, it was the Khasi Students’ Union which led the opposition to Aadhaar in 2013 and they are now part of the Meghalaya People’s Committee on Aadhaar. In Assam, the All Assam Students’ Union, which led the anti-foreigners’ movement in the 1980s, has called for the citizens’ register to be updated before Aadhaar enrolment started. In Nagaland, the memorandum has been sent by Naga Students’ Union, the apex students’ body in the state.
Second, the demand for exemption is beginning to gather political resonance. In poll-bound Meghalaya, the Congress chief minister said he does not have Aadhaar either, since he shared the concerns of his people. When Aadhaar enrolment was stalled in Assam this year, it was widely perceived to be a political decision, with the Bharatiya Janata Party government in the state more anxious to stick to its poll promise of rooting out so-called illegal migrants than pushing biometric enrolment. It remains to be seen how the anti-Aadhaar campaign plays out in Nagaland, which faces both polls and the prospect of a political settlement between the Centre and rebel groups that could change the administrative set up of the region.
Another fear, shared by some religious groups in Christian majority states like Meghalaya and even Mizoram, is that numerical identities seem to reenact certain Biblical prophecies. But even this objection might be read as a demand to be recognised as distinct from the Hindu majority states of the mainland.
Citizenship concerns
Most importantly, the anxieties around Aadhaar in these states are linked to debates around citizenship, to contested ideas about who may belong and on what terms. In the tribal states of the North East, it is often imagined as belonging to a certain regional entity rather than the entire country.
Both Meghalaya and Assam saw long-running agitations against outsiders encroaching on lands meant to be reserved for “sons of the soil”, changing the demographic composition of the area, entering electoral rolls through political patronage and altering political outcomes in a region where self-determination was held sacrosanct.
The denizens of the imagined Naga homeland live within India’s borders and without, while many populations settled inside the state do not belong, according to this formulation. Besides, Naga democracy, based on village republics and collective decisionmaking, distances itself from mainstream democracy, and imagines a different kind of relationship between the individual and the state than the one mediated by Aadhaar.
While the government has clarified that Aadhaar provides an identity for individuals and is not a guarantee of citizenship, the identity project in the states of the North East was initially linked to the National Population Register. This list flows from the Citizenship Act of 1955 and the Citizenship Rules of 2003. It is mandatory for every “usual resident” of India to register, though it does not account for the collection of biometrics. This is eventually supposed to go into the creation of a National Register of Citizens, which would help check illegal immigration.
As Aadhaar changed in its contours and intent, all biometric data collection was transferred to the Unique Identification Authority of India. In Assam, it was separated from the process of updating the National Register of Citizens. But in other states, it is still feared that Aadhaar would help outsiders make their way back into electoral rolls and then claim citizenship in a particular state.
Going ahead, the identity project will have to answer these anxieties, negotiate these collective demands for autonomy from the state, even as it deals with concerns about individual autonomy.

We welcome your comments at letters@scroll.in.

12380 - Now, even the fingerprints of urban Indians are failing during Aadhaar authentication- Scroll.In

With Aadhaar verification being insisted upon for bank accounts, mobile numbers and income tax returns, even the affluent are feeling the pinch of exclusion.
Published Nov 15, 2017 · 09:00 am

                           Noah Seelam/AFP

Bengaluru resident Shashidhar Rao went to an Airtel store last month to get his Aadhaar number linked to his mobile connection. He had received repeated reminders from the telecom operator, which, along with other carriers, have been warning users to re-verify their connections by linking them to their 12-digit unique identity numbers to avoid discontinuation of services.
But when Rao placed his fingerprints on the reader, they showed up as invalid. “I tried a thousand times, with every single finger,” said Rao. Nothing worked.

Employees at the Airtel store told him he would need to get his biometrics updated. But when Rao went to an Aadhaar enrolment kiosk operated by BangaloreOne, a company set up by the Karnataka government to help citizens with technology-related matters, he ran into a different problem. “They told me that they are not able to capture my fingerprints, and asked me, ‘What do we do?’. I said to them, ‘You tell me what to do.’”
When he called the Aadhaar helpline, an agent asked him for his enrolment number from when he applied four years ago. Rao said the agent then told him, “We don’t have any records for you.”

Biometric authentication lies at the heart of the Aadhaar project. The government has argued that by creating a database of citizens’ biometrics, which can be used to verify their identities, Aadhaar helps prevent leakage of funds in welfare schemes like subsidised food ration supplies.

But authentication failures – because of incorrectly captured fingerprints, poor internet connectivity or a change in biometric details because of old age or wear and tear – have already caused disruption in rural India. 

Cases of vulnerable people being left out of the ambit of welfare schemes because of Aadhaar have been widely reported over the last two years.

Within urban India, until this year, the debate over Aadhaar was limited to security and privacy concerns related to providing biometric data to the government. But now, with the government asking people to link their banks accounts, mobile phone connections and Permanent Account Numbers used for income tax purposes with Aadhaar, the practical difficulties of biometric authentication have begun to pinch even affluent urban Indians.

Can’t put a finger on it
When Pune resident Yogesha S, who works for a public sector company, tried to link his bank account to Aadhaar, he was informed that his 12-digit number had been deactivated because of biometric mismatch issues. “I went to get a SIM card also and got the same error,” he said.

He went to an Aadhaar enrolment centre to get his fingerprints updated twice. Both times, he was sent a new Aadhaar card, indicating the process had been successful. But when he tried to link his PAN with his Aadhaar number and phone number, his Aadhaar card still showed up as deactivated. He said he contacted an Aadhaar helpline two months ago but there has been no movement on his complaint since.

In Delhi, Priya Talwar, who had moved to the city with her family recently, also faced trouble with biometric verification when she tried to get her daughter’s address changed on her Aadhaar card. “My daughter has a condition called hyperhidrosis, which makes her palms and fingers sweat a lot, so her fingerprints did not work with the scanner,” she said.
Talwar said that the enrolment centre did not give her daughter the option getting her iris scanned for biometric verification, even though the Unique Identification Authority of India takes both fingerprints and iris scans from citizens signing up under the Aadhaar project.

Talwar said her daughter will turn 16 soon and needs to update her Aadhaar information to apply for documents like driving licence and passport. “She does have other ID documents, but seeing how important Aadhaar has become, I thought it would be useful to get it updated.”

Talwar’s mother also faced a similar problem while trying to get her mobile number linked with Aadhaar – the biometric scanner could not authenticate any of her fingers. The person operating the scanner said that her fingerprints could have faded because of age, a problem that many senior citizens have faced. In light of such complaints, the government has reportedly recommended a one time password-based authentication system or iris scans for the elderly for linking their Aadhaar numbers with their mobile phones.

Biometric authentication failures
In an interview to the Hindu Business Line, Nandan Nilekani, the first chairman of the Unique Identification Authority of India, said that when seeding and authentication are done properly, biometric verficiation is always successful.
Critics argue otherwise. In a lengthy rebuttal to the interview, software engineer and privacy activist Anand Venkatanarayanan pointed out that even if the mismatch rates are low, they usually “cluster around” vulnerable groups of citizens, like old people or labourers with worn out hands and cracks in their skin that make fingerprint authentication a problem.

An old woman in Gujarat showed the cracked skin of her palms. Photo credit: Anumeha Yadav
Supreme Court order misunderstood
The problems with biometric authentication have only become amplified since mobile carriers have started requiring users who signed up with ID other than an Aadhaar number to begin linking their Aadhaar too. This followed a government notification which said that the Supreme Court had ruled to require Aadhaar linking of all mobile connections.
This is not true. The Supreme Court only observed that a system for verifying mobile connections would have to be created in the following year but did not mandate the use of Aadhaar numbers for such verification. The Department of Telecommunications then interpreted this as a “direction” to link Aadhaar numbers and issued a notification ordering to telecom providers to comply.
In turn, telecom providers are incorrectly stating in their warning messages to customers that the Supreme Court itself has ordered that their Aadhaar number be linked to their mobile connections. The Court’s judges have been personally witness to the misinterpretation of their judgement – in a recent hearing, when the government tried to argue that the existence of such false SMS messages were hearsay, Justice Sikri responded, “We all know what’s happening. We are seeing those messages too.”
The court is currently hearing a petition seeking the quashing of the Department of Telecommunication’s notification on linking mobile numbers with Aadhaar. The Department has said it will not take action against any customers for not linking their numbers till the case is concluded.
Telecom operators on their part claim they are following the Department of Telecommunications’ orders on getting phone numbers linked with Aadhaar. While the Supreme Court has taken up the case, it has not ordered a stay on the linking process.
Though the threats by banks and telecom companies are continuing, recent messages reviewed by Scroll.in have updated their wording to remove the reference to the Supreme Court. Not all of them, however, are complying with a more recent Supreme Court order to clearly mention the deadline of February 6, 2018, for linking Aadhaar with mobile phones and December 31 this year for bank accounts.
Why not OTPs?
From December, the Unique Identification Authority of India has announced that one time passwords can be used in place of biometric authentication for verifying mobile phone numbers using Aadhaar. One-time-passwords sent through SMS, while riddled with their own security problems, seem to be a less exclusionary alternative to biometric authentication. Venkatanarayanan, the privacy activist, however, pointed out that this may not always be true, since India has low teledensity.
But that’s a problem that biometric authentication has as well, since fingerprint readers need to have Internet connectivity to confirm citizens’ biometrics. As several news reports have highlighted, rural citizens are literally climbing trees to authenticate their ration entitlements. Unlike biometric authentication, however, one time passwords don’t require citizens to visit a physical bank branch or mobile carrier’s store.
For now, most people facing Aadhaar authentication troubles have pinned their hopes on the Supreme Court. It is currently hearing a batch of petitions challenging the mandatory linking of Aadhaar with PAN, bank accounts and mobile connections. Asked what he planned to do next, Rao, the Bangalore resident who had been turned away by Airtel as well as an Aadhaar enroller, said: “I’ll wait for the verdict.”
We welcome your comments at letters@scroll.in.

12379 - Aadhaar needs a privacy law - Live Mint

We need to avail of Aadhaar’s benefits and manage the risks, while evaluating whether the benefits are worth the risks

Debate on Aadhaar and privacy has largely reached an impasse as those involved often use different definitions of data privacy. 

The Supreme Court’s (SC’s) landmark judgement upholding our right to privacy has intensified the debate on whether and how Aadhaar infringes on this right. With the upcoming five-judge Constitution bench hearing petitions on Aadhaar, these debates will soon be settled by the highest court.

Meanwhile, the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has unequivocally asserted that Aadhaar meets the privacy test. But many others, both within the government’s fold and outside it, have said that Aadhaar can become an instrument to profile individuals, surveil them, and suppress dissent.

The boring but important truth is that both sides are right—to some degree. Aadhaar, if unregulated, can be a tool to abrogate our privacy. However, Aadhaar is only a tool. Other tools of the government—such as CCTV cameras, permanent account number (PAN) cards, Digital India, among others—are also capable of invading privacy. When dispassionately analysed, each of these tools, including Aadhaar, meet some, but not all, principles of adequate data privacy.

The solution, therefore, is not to annul Aadhaar on the grounds of data privacy. Like we do with any tool in the public domain, we need to avail of its benefits and manage the risks, while evaluating whether the benefits are worth the risks. To this end, we need two parallel initiatives to complement the court’s decisions.

One, rigorous, and independent research such as the Indian School of Business’ digital ID research initiative is vital to ascertain the benefits and risks across Aadhaar’s uses. This can help decide which uses should be furthered, adjusted, or even dropped. This is critical because Aadhaar’s uses are proliferating, but most of the available numbers on its impact are disputed and alternative narratives are based on journalistic accounts or small surveys. 

Two, we need an independent regulator to protect data privacy and regulate data initiatives (as argued in the data privacy Bill introduced by Baijayant Panda). This regulator must be backed by a robust law, and be competent to understand the nuances of data privacy and keep pace with new developments. This is urgent. We are many strides into a digital economy and are already suffering the consequences of this void.

Debate on Aadhaar and privacy has largely reached an impasse as those involved often use different definitions of data privacy. This can be avoided by the universal adoption of National Privacy Principles. Aadhaar is often analysed in a vacuum, without paying enough attention to national benchmarks (such as PAN, voter ID, passport, etc.). In this article, we examine data privacy issues with these factors in mind.

One potential harmful abuse of Aadhaar is using the unique number to link data sets that previously existed in silos. Depending on the breadth of data sets seeded with Aadhaar, they can be merged to uncover a person’s “food habits, language, health, hobbies, sexual preferences, friendships, ways of dress, and political affiliation”, as the SC worried in its judgement on right to privacy. Not only is this objectionable in and of itself, such profiling can be used to discriminate against individuals and stifle dissent.

Aadhaar is not the only unique identifier in our lives that can be used to link databases. Our mobile numbers, email addresses, PAN, voter ID, ATM card numbers and IP addresses can all serve this purpose (and indeed have).

Four features, however, make Aadhaar particularly potent for database linking. One, it covers almost all Indian adults. Two, the database has practically no duplicates (according to UIDAI), enabling a higher quality of linking. Three, it uses a 12-digit unique identifier, making linking easy. Four, over 120 government agencies require Aadhaar to provide services, paving the way for the first step of data linking—seeding each individual database with Aadhaar numbers. The irony is that the quality of the Aadhaar database (the first three reasons) leads to its widespread use (the fourth reason), making it susceptible to misuse.

Unauthorized database-linking violates almost all the National Privacy Principles, including “Purpose Limitation”, whereby “a data controller shall collect, process, disclose, make available, or otherwise use personal information only for the purposes as stated in the notice after taking consent of individuals.”

An operative phrase here is “data controller”. UIDAI’s chief executive officer, Ajay Bhushan Pandey, recently reaffirmed that Aadhaar meets the principle of Purpose Limitation. He is partially right: while Aadhaar can be used for database linking, UIDAI as a “data controller” does not engage in this practice (though it cannot prevent it either). However, other “data controllers” (say, criminal investigation agencies or credit card companies) with access to data-sets seeded with unique identifiers, such as Aadhaar, can link databases without due notice or consent and use it nefariously.
Therefore, attacking only Aadhaar for the larger privacy risk of database linking is not based on a practical understanding of how linking works. Aadhaar is only the means to an end. If Aadhaar ceased to exist, the threat of database linking using unique identifiers will endure, albeit with higher difficulty. This reinforces the need for a strong data privacy law and regulator to curb and manage database-linking practices.
Ronald Abraham is a partner at IDinsight and co-author of State of Aadhaar Report 2016-17
Research contributions from Shreya Dubey and Akash Pattanayak. This is the first of a two-part series on Aadhaar and privacy.
Comments are welcome at theirview@livemint.com
First Published: Wed, Nov 15 2017. 02 46 AM IST

12378 - Aadhaar-link pretext to commit fraud - Telegraph India



Cuttack: Fraudsters have started taking advantage of the Centre's
move to get Aadhaar card linked to bank accounts and SIM cards
by December 31.

Police on Monday started investigation into one such case
registered at Mangalabag police station. A trader was tricked into
revealing his debit card details by a conman posing as branch
manager of his bank and saying that he needed the details to link
his account to his Aadhaar card.

The complainant, Manmohan Naik, 53, is a resident of Thoria Sahi.

"Naik received a call on his cell phone on September 24. The caller
 identified himself as the manager of a nationalised bank's branch
 near the SCB Medical College and Hospital where he held a
 savings account. After asking questions to establish that he indeed
 had an account in the bank and that he used a debit card, the
 caller informed Naik that his bank account needed to be linked
 with his Aadhaar number," said Mangalabag police station inspector-in-charge Arun Kumar Swain.

Naik fell in the trap and gave all his details, including his debit card PIN number and card validation date, as the caller said it was necessary for the renewal of his debit card. Then, the caller hung up, saying that the renewal would be done shortly.

Subsequently, Naik received notifications from his bank on his cell phone that certain amounts had been debited from his account towards some purchases made online. He made enquiries with his bank and found that the purchases had been made using his debit card PIN.

The case was registered after Naik approached the police on Sunday. The police have already collected from the bank details of purchases, which indicated that Rs 1.26 lakh had been debited from his account in phases towards purchases made online.

"We have identified the portals through which purchases were made and sought from the agencies the location of the person, who made them and number of the cell phone used for the online transactions," Swain said.

The bank details indicated that the fraudster had used Rs 1.26 lakh from the complainant's account in phases towards purchases made online, through PayTM and MobiKwik. Payments had also been made online to hire OLA cabs.

12377 - Switch off cell: Anti-Aadhaar stir launched - TNN

Nisha Nambiar | TNN | Nov 14, 2017, 06:34 IST

PUNE: Activists from Pune as well as across India have urged citizens to switch off their phones from 11am to 11.30am till December 11 to protest the forced linking of Aadhaar number with various services.

The protest, which started on November 11, has gathered steam Pune with many asserting their right to be forgotten by the Aadhaar database. Pune-based activist and international advisor on governance of complex systems Anupam Saraf said that the movement has been active in Pune with many citizens staging silent protest against Aaadhaar. "This movement is basically to protest Aadhaar linkage and we are doing it for 30 days initially and then we will decide on the next course of action,'' stated Saraf. He believes that no one should be coerced into linking Aaadhaar number with various services and it is time that government does a rethink on the same. 

12376 - Supreme Court refuses to entertain plea against Aadhaar-mobile linking - Money Control

The Supreme Court on Monday refused to entertain a plea challenging the linking of mobile numbers with Aadhaar, saying several similar petitions were already pending before it.

The Supreme Court on Monday refused to entertain a plea challenging the linking of mobile numbers with Aadhaar, saying several similar petitions were already pending before it.
The apex court said it may not be necessary to entertain one more petition as the PILs were raising a similar issue.

A bench of justices A K Sikri and Ashok Bhushan granted liberty to petitioner Tehseen Poonawala to file an application for an impleadment as a party in the pending matter, which are scheduled to come up before a Constitution Bench in the last week of this month.
"As a number of writ petitions have already been filed raising the issue which is raised in the present petition, it may not be necessary to entertain one more petition as PIL. It would be open to the petitioner to intervene in the petitions already filed by moving an appropriate application," the bench said and disposed of the plea.

Advocate Zoheb Hossain, representing the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), had earlier told the bench that 27 petitions related to Aadhaar were already pending consideration before the apex court.

The plea filed by Poonawala had sought a direction for quashing of the notification of March 23, issued by Department of Telecommunication (DoT) on the issue of linking mobile numbers with Aadhaar, and holding it "unconstitutional" and "null and void".

It also sought direction for the telecom operators to prevent them from implementing the notification and destroy the data already collected.
The apex court had on February 6 asked the Centre to put in place within a year an effective mechanism to scrutinise the details of the identity of over 100 crore existing and future mobile telephone consumers.
It had on November 3 made it clear that banks and telecom service providers will have to indicate the last date of linking bank accounts and mobile numbers with Aadhaar in their communications with customers.
Currently, the last date to link Aadhaar with bank accounts is December 31 this year while for mobile numbers, it is February 6, 2018.
On October 30, a bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra had said a constitution bench would be set up and Aadhaar-related matters would come up for hearing before it in November last.

12375 - Telco goofs up, Cong leader’s phone rings at wrong number - TNN

Mohit Behl | TNN | Nov 13, 2017, 06:37 IST

LUDHIANA: Punjab Pradesh Congress Committee (PPCC) general secretary Pawan Dewan has lodged a complaint with the police commissioner, alleging that mobile service provider Airtel had issued his Vodafone-registered mobile number to a Patiala resident and that both the numbers had been working simultaneously for the past one month. 

"My friends brought the issue to my notice. They said when they called me up, at times a woman answered their calls. I don't even receive many of their SMSes," said Dewan. Airtel disconnected the woman's number after he approached its officials. 

Dewan, on Friday, recorded his statement with Ludhiana Police. 

In his complaint, Dewan said, "Availing of mobile number portability, I had kept the cell-phone number while switching the service provider a few years ago. Earlier, too, during the Punjab Vidhan Sabha elections, Airtel had allotted my mobile number to a Chandigarh resident. The number was disconnected after I sent a legal notice to the company in January. The firm had also tendered an unconditional apology." 

Police commissioner R N Dhoke has forwarded his complaint to the cyber cell. 

The police commissioner said, "We have received Dewan's complaint. Prima facie it seems like a software mistake and not a hacking attempt." 

Dewan has been using the number for the past 10 years. "It is linked with my bank account, Aadhaar card and credit cards. It's a conspiracy to gain access to my confidential information. The company has erred again to defraud me. The matter needs thorough examination, especially at a time when leaders are on the radar of terrorist groups and other anti-social elements," the Congress leader added. 

The Airtel officials could not be contacted despite repeated attempts. 

12374 - Fair price shops in J-K to get POS machines: Minister - PTI

Jammu, Nov 12 (PTI) Jammu and Kashmir minister Chowdhary Zulfkar Ali today said that Point of Sale (POS) machines will be installed in all fair price shops and ration depots across the state.

Terming it as the biggest reform in bringing transparency in the Public Distribution System (PDS), he said these machines are connected to a server that uploads every transaction on a portal that can be monitored from any part of the country at anytime.

"These Aadhaar-linked POS machines also display prices, the weight of items and the credentials of a consumer. This leaves no space for any malpractice in the system," the Minister for Food, Civil Supplies and Consumer Affairs said after giving a POS machine to a government sale depot in Vijaypur.

"The government is also mulling to introduce smart cards for the distribution of ration among the consumers," he said.

12373 - Waiting for PDS smart card - The Hindu


                 A view of a PDS shop in Coimbatore.  

Those who have not received it do not know what went wrong

A PDS beneficiary gets the smart card only when the correct details are uploaded on time. There are thousands still waiting for the card, clueless as to what had gone wrong. Some cards were blocked during the bogus card weeding out exercise.
There are cards pending for more details. Then there are problems of wrong phone number, and incorrect spellings.
Though the distribution of the PDS smart cards is on, there are beneficiaries who receive text messages that they have purchased the ration product even when they have not so.

The Hindu looks at some of the issues faced by beneficiaries in Coimbatore.

Ayyammal (62), eatery worker
“I live in Anupparpalayam in Kattoor area and work at a hotel. I lost my husband 10 years ago and my daughter is in another town.
I am yet to get the smart card. When I approached the officials, they said that I did not upload Aadhaar details before the deadline. Now, I am unable to draw the monthly ration. I have applied for a new card through the salesman of the ration shop.”

Ravi (42), a tea shop owner
Ravi was in Chennai for the treatment of his 12-year-old differently abled daughter for two months and was hence unable to purchase items at the PDS outlet.
His card was blocked and so he could not get the smart card too.

R. Thangavel (52)
He got the smart card after a year and his wife's name was entered wrongly.
Instead of Pushpa, my wife's name was printed as Jayalakshmi in the card.
When I contacted the ration shop at Vellalore, the distributor said that records with the Public Distribution System had the correct name and hence there would not be any problem.
So far, I have not faced any problem in buying the items too.
Spelling errors were common on many cards. The place name Vellalore was printed wrongly as 'Velloor' and 'Vellavalore' on several smart cards.

Kumar (70)
I am yet to get the card as the mobile phone numbers of my wife has not been added in the Aadhaar.
Last month, though I did not buy the ration supply, I got a message that I have purchased sugar.

I want to enter the phone number at the earliest but there are not many centres to add details in Aadhaar.

12372 - ASEAN Summit: Demonetisation, Aadhaar linking find a place in PM Modi’s appeal to investors - Hindustan Times

ASEAN Summit: Demonetisation, Aadhaar linking find a place in PM Modi’s appeal to investors

In the Philippines for the ASEAN Summit, PM Narendra Modi says demonetisation and Aadhaar linking with bank accounts have led to the formalisation of a big part of the Indian economy.

INDIA Updated: Nov 13, 2017 18:37 Ist

Prime Minister Narendra Modi addresses businessmen in a parallel event of the 31st ASEAN Summit and Related Summits on Monday.(AP)

Showcasing economic reforms initiated by his government, Prime Minister Narendra Modi invited ASEAN countries on Monday to ramp up their investment in India, saying the task of transforming the country was proceeding at an “unprecedented scale”. (LIVE UPDATES)

Addressing the ASEAN Business Forum in Manila, the PM said India’s ‘Act East policy’ put the 10-member bloc at the centre of his country’s engagement, adding that most sectors of the Indian economy were made open for foreign investment.
“We are working day and night towards easy, effective and transparent governance,” he said.

PM Modi, who is in the Philippines on a three-day visit, said demonetisation as well as measures like the linking of Aadhaar numbers with bank accounts led to the formalisation of a big part of the Indian economy.

“We are using our unique ID system in financial transactions and taxation for this purpose and the results are already visible,” Modi said.
“These steps, coupled with demonetisation of high-value notes, has resulted in formalising a large part of our economy. The number of new tax payers filing income tax returns has more than doubled. Digital transactions have increased by 34% as we march together to a less-cash economy,” he said.
The PM said the focus of his government was on making India a global manufacturing hub and that efforts were on to make the youngsters job creators.

“Keeping our emphasis on ‘Minimum Government, Maximum Governance’, about 1,200 outdated laws have been repealed in the last three years. We have simplified processes to start companies and for other clearances,” he said.

Talking about the initiatives to introduce technology, Modi said digital transactions had increased significantly and that technology was being used to reach out to people.
He said large sections of India’s population previously did not have access to banking services, adding that the Jan Dhan Yojana changed that in a matter of months and transformed the lives of millions.

Earlier in the day, PM modi met US President Donald Trump, who congratulated the Indian leader for “a lot of good reports coming out of India”.

The trade ties between India and ASEAN are on an upswing and both sides want to further boost the trade and investment cooperation.

The ASEAN region, along with India, together comprises a combined population of 1.85 billion people, which is one fourth of the global population and their combined GDP has been estimated at over $3.8 trillion.

Investment from ASEAN to India has been over $70 billion in the last 17 years accounting for more than 17 per cent of India’s total FDI. India’s investment in ASEAN during the same period has been more than $40 billion.

12371 - Readers’ comments: With Aadhaar, we are losing the basic freedoms enshrined in our Constitution - Scroll.In

A selection of readers’ opinions.
by  Scroll

Published Nov 12, 2017 · 10:30 pm

Big brother
Thank you for making an effective suggestion on protesting, in our own humble way against the encroachment into our private lives and day to day activities (“Why Indian mobile users must take the initiative to protest against linking their phones to Aadhaar”). This is nothing but tyranny by a democratically elected government with brute majority. I strongly feel young, educated, otherwise resourceful and conscious young people should start a movement the way you have suggested. Thank you once again for your initiative. – Sanjit Chatterjee

I am a 80-plus year old man with reduced physical capabilities because of various serious ailments. However, I run an industry for the last 42 years and pay several crores as taxes and duties to the government. I also provide direct and indirect employment to another 150 families. While trying to get my Aadhaar number verified, I was surprised that none of my fingers matched. Even during my second attempt, it failed.
Now, after March 31, if my Aadhaar physical verification fails and I am denied my authentic existence as a bonafide Indian citizen, 150 families will lose their livelihoods. Stuff like this should be taken into consideration before making Aadhaar mandatory. – Sanjit Chatterjee

The errors component in Aadhaar is not big compared to the benefits of linking it to welfare schemes. The error component is not large to be alarmed at as compared to the benefits achieved by linking Aadhaar with social benefit schemes. The government should act fast to plug the shortcomings so that the system does not crash. – DP Gupta

There are far too many defects in the Aadhaar implementation and how far it has come from what was envisioned. If bank accounts details are leaked, who will take responsibility? And how can we trust private companies with all our personal data? I hope the Supreme Court decides against making Aadhaar mandatory. – Juanita War

I retired as additional chief secretary to the government of Gujarat and I have studied the Aadhaar law very carefully. As a concerned citizen, I strongly feel that the law needs to be scrapped outright, except maybe for a few welfare schemes.
In fact we are fast losing the basic freedoms enshrined in our Constitution. We as citizens have only one sanctuary left now and that is the Apex Court. If that too fails us, we will become subjects to be manipulated at will by a villainous state. There are obviously very sinister and powerful business interests that hold the present government in their selfish clutches and they will do their best to transform the people of India into servile slaves to be ordered about as George Orwell predicted in 1984!
We are at a crossroads at this point and we as a nation of right-thinking people should battle the state to preserve our fundamental rights enshrined in our Constitution. A large forum of citizens should be formed to take up the matter with the government and educate the people at large about the perils of the unique identity project. We now do not have much time to lose. People of India must awake for their second freedom struggle from this crushing law and that too right now. – A Prasad

As law-abiding citizens, it is essential for us accept the government’s decision. What is wrong with this project? India is faces threats from terrorists and my government will have to save me for which I will cooperate. – Venkatraghavan Maruthuvanpadi

I agree with the benefits of Aadhaar but the manner in which the government is making it mandatory for almost everything is putting citizens in a tough spot. For example, if someone wishes to move back to their hometown upon retirement, they will not be able to access many facilities without updating their address in the Aadhaar card. But changing official documents is very challenging. Such concerns must be addressed. – DK Painuli

Insisting on Aadhaar-linking is good move made by the government to save the misuse of public money and crack down on black money collected under fictitious names. – Ashok Jadhav

There should be be more mass protests across the .country against the government’s autocratic and unilateral action in violation of the fundamental right to privacy. This will pose a serious threat to people in coming days. The Supreme Court must arrive at a verdict immediately to resolve the matter. – Arup Kumsen

Switching off our phones for 15 or 30 minutes will not achieve anything. Ultimately we will miss our important calls. So, we should find a way that will result in a significant loss for telecom companies. – Betson P Kunjappan

What is wrong with linking Aadhaar? Why should we be afraid? The government should heed to complaints but all Indians should link Aadhaar to all services to prevent criminal, anti-social and anti-India activities. – Chandrashekar BK

I have no objection to getting my phone number linked to Aadhaar. To hell with the objections.Why shouldn’t I abide by a government order? First stop phone manufacturers from collecting our fingerprint information and then object against to the government. – Mukesh Patel

The proposal to link Aadhaar to so many services is a clear violation of our right to privacy which that Supreme Court has upheld as our Constitutional right. – Ajit Kumar

Aadhaar is indeed a must. It is the only identity document that has the complete details of citizens. Objecting to it is against the nation’s interest. – Badri Narayanan

There is no harm in linking Aadhar to different schemes. No secret information is needed for Aadhar. I don’t see the harm in sharing my details for Aadhaar. It’s only some people who have a problem. – GP Shukla

Clarification from a university
This article refers to an interview that Scroll.in had telephonically with a member of our Committee on Gender Sensitisation Against Sexual Harassment or COGSASH at the Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta (“Universities respond to Raya Sarkar’s list of alleged sexual predators: Mostly silence, some denials”). The members of the COGSASH had not yet met to deliberate the issue when the said interview was conducted. Following its meeting on November 8, the COGSASH would like to reiterate as a body that no complaints have been registered with it against the two members of the Centre for Studies in Social Sciences named in the list recently uploaded by Raya Sarkar.

However, we would also like to point out that there is no consensus among the current members of the COGSASH over the nature of the general impact that a crowd-sourced public list of alleged sexual harassers happens to have on our society and politics. Nevertheless, as a statutory body, the COGSASH remains committed to abide by the letter and the spirit of the Policy on Gender Sensitization against Sexual Harassment that the Centre for Studies in Social Sciences had adopted in September, 2010. – Debdatta Chowdhury, Chairperson, COGSASH

No offence
In the US and other Western countries, criticising government activities or government policies is seen as a way of expressing nationalism (“The Daily Fix: Tamil cartoonist’s arrest is yet another attempt to gag voices on social media”). Here in India, it is just the opposite. No one or nothing should be above criticism. – Varun Akavoor

12370 - Aadhaar Articles dated 16th Nov 2017

Economic Times
NEW DELHI: Come December 1, mobile phone users will no longer need to visit stores of telecom operators for Aadhaar-based SIM re-verification.

In part I, I argued that while Aadhaar can be a tool to infringe upon our right to privacy, it is merely one such; there exist other tools that can be similarly ...

Times of India
LUCKNOW: Cyber thugs have started using e-wallets as opening bank accounts is getting difficult without Aadhaar card. The revelation came when a ...

Times of India
MUMBAI: Customers will soon be able to pay their shopping bills with their Aadhaar number. IDFC Bank has partnered TCS Merchant Pay to on-board ...

Deccan Chronicle
The government last month had announced three new ways to complete the process of linking mobile phone numbers with Aadhaar to enable existing ...

Times of India
New Delhi, Nov 15 () Taking on critics of biometric identifier Aadhaar, Minister of State for IT KJ Alphons Kannanthanam today said people have no ...

Times of India
From banks to mobile network providers every one is asking customers to link their account with Aadhaar number. So, it has become important that all ...

The Tribune
While the UPA government introduced Aadhaar as a unique identification number for citizens, the BJP-led government has been asking people to link ...

The Indian Express
The residents of Maharashtra and Goa would be able to enrol for Aadhaar cards at over 1,200 post offices in the two states from next year, a senior ...

The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) in August this year extended the last date for linking of Aadhaar with the Permanent Account Number (PAN) ...

Times Now
Allahabad: Following the CBSE, the Uttar Pradesh Madhyamik Shksha Parishad or UPMSP has also made Aadhaar mandatory for its board ...

The Yogi Adityanath government says its initial inquiries suggest Shakina died of an illness, not starvation. The family alleges that it had been denied ...

The Siasat Daily
Mumbai: The country's largest lender, State Bank of India (SBI) in a tweet made it clear that if any customer fails to submit Aadhaar number by 31st ...

Times Now
Singapore: Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has said three key structural reforms -- Aadhaar, demonetisation and GST -- have enhanced transparency ...

Times of India
BHUBANESWAR: Even as there have been heated debates over security of Aadhaar data and protection of privacy, the same document has helped a ...

Financial Express
Customers of IDFC Bank will soon be able to pay their shopping bills with Aadhaar Pay as the bank has partnered TCS Merchant Pay to on-board ...

The Hans India
Tirupati: Aadhaar updation centre was inaugurated by the Director of Postal Services, Kurnool region, V Santhana Raman at the Head Post Office ...

Millennium Post
Kolkata: The state government will write to the Centre about the problems faced by farmers in making Aadhaar compulsory. Farmers in the state are ...

New Delhi, Nov 16: The Union government is planning to map residential and professional addresses of individuals digitally. The department of posts ...

Deccan Chronicle
When your bank or telecom operator starts pestering you with phone calls and messages, do you really have to give in and link your Aadhaar card?

AglaSem (press release) (blog)
Uttar Pradesh Madhyamik Shiksha Parishad made mandatory for students to carry their Aadhaar Cards for appearing in the upcoming Class 10 and ...

After Aadhaar card has done your individual identification through fingerprint and iris, the government now is planning to take it further by mapping the ...

Chandigarh Metro (blog)
The students who won't be carrying their Aadhaar Card to the exam centre in the UP Board exams will not be permitted to sit in the examination.

The Hindu
V. Santhanaraman, Director of Postal Services (Kurnool region), launching Aadhaar updation centre at the Tirupati Head Post Office on WednesdayK .

“We are trying to make digital profiles through an Aadhaar Card. The profiles will work with all the services. It will be easy for people when they carry ...